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Malaria in Thailand
Mosquito borne illnesses are a major challenge in Thailand and anything that can be done to help eradicate them is all to the good.
The map below is only intended as a guide since mosquitoes do not respect boundaries and the risk areas shown may not be exact. Substantial malaria risk is shaded in dark red - becoming a lighter red where the risk is minimal. As can be seen the whole country is registered as being subjected to the possibility of Malaria although the incidence in most of the country is very low. It is reported that some of the most drug resistant forms of Malaria are to be found around the Burmese and Cambodian borders..
Part of the reason for the reduction in Malaria has been contributed to the development of the country since the 1970's and the increased prevalence of air-conditioning. Before this time Thailand had one of the highest incidence of Malaria in Asia and was one of the 2 areas that first reported resistance to chloroquine and has also reported some resistance to mefloquine.
Thailand has its own research centre based up near the Burma (Myanmar) border where Malaria has its highest incidence in Thailand, Established in 1986, the Shoklo Malaria Research Unit (SMRU) is a field station attached to the Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand and is part of the Wellcome-Oxford-Mahidol-University-Research Programme - www.shoklo-unit.com. They have targeted all forms of Malaria in the region and have been particularly successful in reducing infant mortality due to Malaria to zero.
Much of the work being carried out in Thailand is aimed at the border areas as there is concern of an increase of reported malarial cases due to the higher number of immigrant workers coming to Thailand both legally and illegally.
According to data from the public health ministry, there were 934 HIV/AIDS cases, 119 TB cases and 10,310 malaria cases recorded in 2005 in nine camps for immigrants in the Thai provinces of Kanchanaburi, Tak and Ratchaburi.
In June of 2005 Thai health officials launched the final phases of a human trial of an artemisinin-based malaria drug that could be available in two years.
Last figures available for incidence of Malaria is from 2003 - reported cases 35076, deaths 325. General population 64233000
Contact details in Thailand